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Biodiesel Reactor

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biodiesel reactor

GlobeCore Biodiesel reactors

GlobeCore engineers developed entirely new process of continuous biodiesel production that is completely different from cyclic batch production. The production capacity of the system is from 1000 l/h (265 gph) to 16000 l/h (4227 gph) and even more.
GlobeCore Biodiesel reactor is intended for transesterification of vegetable oil or animal fat, (other oils and fats) by high-disperse mixing with the catalyst and further dry cleaning of the BIODIESEL to compliance to the European EN 14214 standards and the American ASTM standards.
In the production of biodiesel our company uses the principle of hydrodynamic ultrasonic high frequency controlled cavitation.

Our system is designed for specialized biodiesel production facilities, as well as for oil refineries, food processing facilities or farms. Let’s turn wastes into profits. Used cooking oil or waste frying oil can be converted into biodiesel with GlobeCore’s reactors during the couple of minutes.
The GlobeCore Biodiesel Technology Key advantage is the versatility of application. It can be used as for construction of new “ turnkey” plant and modernization of existing old type “batch process” plants. Such “batch” plants we can easily upgrade by implementing GlobeCore Biodiesel reactor. That process does not require significant investments. You are welcome to provide us the schema of your existing “batch” process and we will offer you the new biodiesel plant with GlobeCore reactors inside for free of charges.

This hydrodynamic technology offers significant advantages compared to competing systems both in terms of
product quality and production rate.
Traditional biodiesel production GlobeCore biodiesel production
(1) require heating the oil to 70°С.
As a result - significant energy input;(2) recuperation of excess methanol,

(3) additional transesterification

(4) vacuum drying

(5) water wash

All of those add to the power bill 

does not require any of the left column
Instead of those:

(1) reducing the power costs by tens of times

(2) no high process temperatures

(3) no need for expensive portioning pumps, as the ejector pulls in the required amount of components.

(4) transesterification reaction during fraction of seconds

(5) no need for large space for Biodiesel Plant

Traditional biodiesel production

  • (1) require heating the oil to 70°С.
    As a result - significant energy input;
  • (2) recuperation of excess methanol,
  • (3) additional transesterification
  • (4) vacuum drying
  • (5) water wash

GlobeCore biodiesel production

  • (1) reducing the power costs by tens of times
  • (2) no high process temperatures
  • (3) no need for expensive portioning pumps, as the ejector pulls in the required amount of components.
  • (4) transesterification reaction during fraction of seconds
  • (5) no need for large space for Biodiesel Plant

Biodiesel reactor

processing characteristics






Primary liquid capacity, m3/hour, max



Quantity of dosed liquid, m3/hour

-1st component, min

-2nd component, max

-3rd component, min

-4th component, max







Nominal power, kW



Blender volume, m3



Compressed air consumption, l/min



Mix head, meters



Dimensions, mm, max

- length

- width

- height






Weight, kg, max


* mentioned parameters can be different, we are always comply to client’s requirements

B100 American ASTM standard

This table shows selected requirements for B100, 100% biodiesel. The full standard can be purchased from ASTM International.

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GlobeCore Technology advantages:

continuous biodiesel production process

no double methanol concentrations and methanol excess

instant reaction of transesterification

no water wash

no drying and demetanolization of biodiesel

no toxic waste

Why Biodiesel is so useful for our cars and for environment?

Biofuel has practically no impact on diesel engine running parameters. Biodiesel is a good lubricant comparing to regular mineral diesel. It can be used in diesel internal combustion engines blended with mineral diesel fuel. FAME has practically no impact on diesel engine running parameters.
  • FAME combustion does not generate toxic emissions;
  • carbon dioxide emissions are reduced;
  • the amount of soot is reduced by 50 %;
  • 90% of the biodiesel spilled on the ground is consumed by microorganisms in 3 weeks.

GlobeCore’s Biodiesel Technology | Unique advantages

Our biodiesel technology has some unique advantages:

- The process is based on the Bernoulli principle, which is a case of energy conservation law for a stable stream of ideal (no internal friction, incompressible) fluid.

- The process has minimal power demands. The oil is heated by continuous oil heaters, some of the heat is compensated by the heat output of methanol and alkali reaction. It does not require significant power; besides, there is no excess methanol in the product (FAME), common to traditional reactors. Also, due to the maximum acceleration of the reaction, the power costs are reduced 9 – 11 times compared to competing processes.

- Reaction occurs in one pass. In the hydrodynamic technology there is no need to repeat the process, as in the old batch reactors. The time of biodiesel production is reduced by tens of times, while the offered systems can have both very small and very large production capacity with small equipment footprint.

- Minimized module size. Our automated production complexes take up 10-15 times less space than the traditional plants of similar capacity.

- Sorbent purification, washing, drying and methanol recuperation are not required. In the old technologies, it is impossible to immediately make high quality biodiesel, hence the need for washing or sorbents to remove contaminants.

This requires additional washing equipment (usually performed with water and alcohol) and an additional heat and vacuum drying system.

With the hydrodynamic method, washing and drying of the product are not required, and there is no need to dispose of wastewater or saturated sorbent.

- Equipment versatility. An important part of production and subsequent marketing of biodiesel is its adaptation to local conditions and cold temperatures. Special additives are used to improve filtration and pour points of the fuel.

Introduction of such additives requires special equipment and meeting certain process requirements. A hydrodynamic mixer can mix biodiesel with the additive perfectly at high rate: our units are capable of operating at 1 to 60 cubic meter per hour.

GlobeCore biodiesel production systems are equipped with blending units which can be used as a part of the system or separately with many other liquids.


Primary potential customers for the product and biodiesel production systems

The popularity of alternative fuel production system is growing quite rapidly due to the unique advantages.

Most of the potential biodiesel consumers are power companies, agricultural facilities, farms and fuel exporters.

Electrical power and heat generating facilities in many countries have sound economic reasons to increase biofuel consumption. These are related to the national regulations stimulating transition to environmentally friendly fuel (tax incentives, subsidies etc). Burning biofuel to generate power or heat becomes more profitable than burning coal, heavy oil or other fossils.

Besides, power generation companies possess significant financial resources for capital investment into infrastructure projects with long break-even periods, such as construction of biofuel power plants and biofuel production facilities.

In the future, vehicle fleet operators will also become buyers of biofuel, and in general, motorists who currently use mineral diesel fuel.

Strengths and Weaknesses

Weaknesses Strengths
1.GlobeCore UBD units are not well known in the world.

2. The company employs relatively few people (up to 300)

1. GlobeCore biodiesel plants have passed all tests and are used successfully in Malaysia, the US and Spain

2. GlobeCore employs a perfect team of highly qualified engineers and management, who created the UBD-4 and market it successfully. Since the company is relatively small, management is very efficient.

3.UBD-4 has proved to be the most efficient biodiesel production system.


Biodiesel what is it? Biodiesel processor ?

biodiesel what is it

Biodiesel processor? Biodiesel is recently developed type of biofuel, made of replaceable staple. It is very similar to conventional diesel, used in motor vehicles, but it is not extracted from under the ground. Alternatively it is produced from vegetables, nuts and seeds. Main cultures used for biodiesel production are peanuts, sunflower, rape seeds, and soybeans. Literately, any vegetable oil can be used for biodiesel production. Also it can be made from industrial oils, such as restaurant grease. Number of scientific institutions comprehensively checked biodiesel in motor vehicles. And as tests reveal  biodiesel is less pollutive than normal diesel and performs almost as good. There is only slight difference in range of 3-5 percent (what distance a car can go on a certain amount of fuel). There is no need for engine alterations, so it can be used in any diesel powered machinery, pure, or as a mixture with petroleum diesel. Biodiesel can also be used in number of other appliances and equipment.

1. Low-Impact Living Initiative (LILI) is a non-profit organization whose mission is to help people reduce their impact on the environment, concerned only about recycling domestic and restaurant grease. As they say in their statement: It is very bed concept, to extend agricultural land to produce staple for biodiesel, while there is significant shortage of food in the world. Some producers of biodiesel, now using palm oil from enormous farming estates in West Africa or SE Asia. We believe that biodiesel made from this staple is even more harmful to nature than conventional diesel, and evidently more so. For more details, please visit Biofuel Watch web site.

2. This surely does not mean that we are supporting substitution of petroleum diesel by biodiesel for the entire fleet of cars, lorries and boats in the world, as there is not enough domestic and industrial grease to satisfy the demand. But this is certainly can be done locally. It is obvious that we need to limit the use of fuel, design more economical engines, share cars with colleagues to go to work, use buses and coaches more often, spend vacations at home, and work from own houses.
3. Climate change: biggest cause of greenhouse effect is the increasing level of carbon dioxide in the air, which allows shortwave length ultraviolet sun rays to reach the Earth surface, but prevents it from reflecting back to the space. Greenhouse gas (CO2) is the main component of exhaust gases produced by diesel and petrol engines. Using biodiesel as a fuel also produces carbon dioxide, but because biodiesel is produced from plants which use CO2 to grow, impact on environment is considerably lower.

4. Emissions: burning biodiesel produces fewer quantities of other harmful chemicals for example CO (carbon monoxide), particulate matters and alkanes. Level of N2O may be the same or higher, but is significantly cut down by catalytic converter and changes to ignition timing. Along with evidential benefits to the environment, it also reduces health risk for those who are frequently exposed to exhaust gases, due to the nature of their profession: road workers, waste collectors and others. Biodiesel exhaust odour is better than conventional diesel and it extends engine life, because of its lubricating properties.

5. Waste reduction: Biodiesel can be produced from used cooking oil. It is estimated that over 100000 tonnes of restaurant grease produced in the United Kingdom every year.

6. Spills: Because there is no need to ship crude oil from overseas, the possibility of leakage is eliminated. Leakages from cars and lorries are safe due to biodegradable nature of the fuel.

7. Energy balance: for every part of energy needed to create biodiesel, 3 parts of energy are created. While conventional diesel ratio is 1:1.

8. What can be done? Biodiesel can be bought, or produced at home. Biodiesel production equipment can be purchased jointly with neighbors or friends to satisfy the need of a few households. It is advised to use pure biodiesel on summer and half biodiesel half conventional mix during winter month. It is necessarily to change cars fuel filter after 500 or 1000 miles of running on biodiesel, because it can dissolve sediment from the tank. However if you always use biodiesel, fuel filter will last as normal.

9. Where to buy? Now, biodiesel available only at limited numbers of petrol stations. But it can be bought and delivered in special tanks, called IBCs.

10. Producing biodiesel: biodiesel can be produced at home. Staple for it could be restaurant grease, which is easily obtainable from local businesses for a little or no charge. Other components required for production are not difficult to get hold of. Ready-made biodiesel equipment is quite expensive, but with a bit of DIY skills it is possible to make a processor yourself using two oil barrels, couple of pipes, a pump, and some fittings. To make biodiesel, oil supposed to be put together with Sodium or Potassium Hydroxide (catalysts) and Isopropyl alcohol. After a certain period of time (usually about 8 hours) glycerin gets separated from the blend and settles at the bottom of a barrel. It can be used for various purposes, for example soap making. Biodiesel forms the layer at the top of a barrel. It is important to separate biodiesel from solid particles and water. Producers of biodiesel responsible for duty payments to HM Revenue and Customs. To increase the level of production, UK government lowered taxes by 20 pence per litter in 2002. In June 2007, tax was lifted completely for domestic producers (2500 or less litters annually). There was also change to number of returns that medium-sized companies shall send to HM Revenue and Customs yearly, from twelve to four.

11. Because of dangerous nature of chemicals needed to make biodiesel, it is necessarily to follow strict Health and Safety rules.

12. It is possible to buy biodiesel production equipment, as well as to make it yourself. Currently, there are courses available from LILI, which cover all stages of biodiesel production.

13. Sodium and Potassium Hydroxide as well as Isopropyl alcohol, which needed to produce biodiesel, can be purchased from Trinity Research. This company also collects unwanted glycerin free of charge.

Biodiesel myth & facts

What Biodiesel is:

Biodiesel is a substitute for conventional fuel, made of domestic and industrial waste such as used vegetable oils, fats, extracted from animal tissue, and even from recently discovered staple ??“ seaweed. Biodiesel is not produced from a crude oil, however it can be mixed with petroleum diesel to create a biodiesel mixture. Biodiesel mixtures can be used in most if not all conventional diesel engines with no or little alternations needed.  Biodiesel is uncomplicated to use, environmentally – safe, ecological, biodegradable and basically free of sulfur and phenyl containing compounds.

What Biodiesel is not:

Biodiesel is neither ethanol nor raw plant oil.  Proper biodiesel should meet strict industry standards (ASTM D6751) to be classified as a fuel-grade.  Only biodiesel that produced in accordance with ASTM D6751, ensures specified performance level and registered with Environmental Protection Agency is allowed to be sold and distributed for legal use in motor vehicles and other diesel engine powered equipment.  Biodiesel is different from ethanol. Ethanol is renewable biofuel mainly made of maize and designed for use in internal combustions engines, while biodiesel is renewable biofuel made from range of products and intended for use in diesel engines. They have different advantages and properties. Raw plant oil can not adhere to (ASTM D6751) standards, not registered with EPA, and is not a legal motor fuel.

Myth: Biodiesel has not been comprehensively tested and is just an experimental fuel.

Fact:  As proved by independent research carried out by the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Stanadyne Corp. (the largest diesel fuel injection equipment manufacturer in the U.S.), Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute and Southwest Research Institute – biodiesel is one of the most well-tried alternative fuel products that now are present on the market. In addition – biodiesel is less toxic, not as harmful to human health as conventional diesel and safer for the environment.

Myth: No real biodiesel fuel standard exists.

Fact: First efforts to set biodiesel quality standards were made more than 15 years ago. By now ASTM specifications exist for number of diesel fuel and biodiesel fuel mixtures. There are different standards for 6 to 20 percent mixtures (B6 ??“ B20 (D7467-09)), B5 biodiesel mixtures design to be used on and off-road diesel machineries (D975-08a), and home heating and boiler appliances (D396-08b). The original specification for pure B100 (D6751), regardless of the fat or vegetable oil used to make the fuel, was approved by ASTM in December 2001.

Myth: Biodiesel??™ performance is not as good as diesel??™.

Fact: Probably the most important positive feature of biodiesel is that it can be used in most produced to this day engines and fuel injection equipment in mixtures up to 20 percent with little or no difference in performance level. Biodiesel is also richer in cetane than any U.S. produced diesel fuel. B 20 showed identical fuel intake, horsepower, torque, and haulage rates as normal diesel fuel in more than 50 million miles of road tests. Also, biodiesels has greater lubricity, and it??™s BTU content is highest of any other non-conventional fuel. Biodiesel can be placed between #1 and #2 diesel fuels.

Myth: Manufacturers??™ engine warranty does not cover use of biodiesel.

Fact: All leading U.S. auto and engine producers agree with the use of up to at least B5, and vast majority of engine producers have officially acknowledged that the use of biodiesel mixtures up to B20 will not affect their parts and workmanship warranties.

Myth:  Biodiesel is a low quality fuel.

Fact: A research published in 2008 by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) shows that 80 percent of biodiesel produced in U.S. come out of plants certified under BQ -9000 fuel quality assurance program. BQ -9000 is designed to unify widely accepted bases of management systems with (ASTM D6751) standard, and includes all stages of staple selection, testing, mixing, production, delivery and management. It is up to biodiesel producers to join BQ -9000 or not, but as research shows, biodiesel industry largely satisfies national diesel fuel quality standards, with those participating constantly reaching the benchmark.

Myth:  Biodiesel can be stored only for a short period of time.

Fact:  In fact, biodiesel has the same storage time as conventional diesel. Most of crude oil fuel production companies advice to store petroleum diesel for no longer than half a year. ASTM standard clearly states that biodiesel shall be sold within 6 month or rechecked in order to meet quality requirements.  It is possible to produce biodiesel with longer storage period provided that special ingredients used to optimize the blend.

Myth: Low temperatures affect biodiesel performance.

Fact:  Most common mixture of 20 percent biodiesel affected by low temperatures in the same way as conventional diesel. It is true that both conventional diesel #2 and 20 percent biodiesel mixtures will become jelly-like in very low temperatures. Hence, they both need special management procedures in order to be used in the coldest places on Earth. Mixtures of 5 percent biodiesel and less make absolutely no difference on performance level in low temperatures, however 100 percent biodiesel has a higher cloud point than conventional diesel fuel #2.

Myth:  Biodiesel can be blamed partially for global climate change and growing production of CO2.

Fact: Biodiesel is environmentally – friendly component of any conventional diesel and biodiesel fuel mixture. As it reduces lifecycle carbon dioxide, CO2, by 78 percent, in comparison with conventional diesel. A 2008 USDA/University of Idaho research demonstrates for every portion of traditionally created energy needed to produce biodiesel, 4.5 parts of energy are received.  There is no need for extension of agricultural land, to produce staple for biodiesel, because soybean oil is currently produced in excess of market demand. The National Biodiesel Board calls for responsible towards environment production of biodiesel. There is no evidence or proven facts that biodiesel production leads to deforestation, and the best part of U.S. biodiesel is produced from domestic staple.

Myth: Production of biodiesel leads to increase in food prices.

Fact: Production of biodiesel makes the price of soybean meal lower. Only 20 percent of soybean is oil, which is used for biodiesel. Remaining 80 percent is high level of protein containing product used in food processing industry. Biodiesel can be made of already used materials, such as restaurant fats, used for deep-frying. Unlike conventional diesel made of irreplaceable fossil, biodiesel is produced from renewable resources: vegetable oils, fats, extracted from animal tissue and recycled materials. Greater demand for biodiesel will actually make the price of soybean meal lower.

Why Diesel Fuel Prices Are High

Diesel fuel prices used to be less than gasoline prices. But a lot of people are now wondering why diesel fuel costs higher than gasoline. The primary reason is the increasing global demand. The other factors would be environmental restrictions and higher federal taxes. (All of these will be tackled in detail below.)

What people do not realize is that the pattern shifts. During the summer, people tend to use their vehicles for vacations; this in turn increases the cost of gasoline. During the winter, people tend to stay at home and generate a high demand for heating oil; this in turn increases the cost of diesel fuel. The correlation between heating oil and diesel is that they are similar fuel and that the price of the heating oil tends to set a floor for diesel.

The widening spread between the prices of diesel fuel and gasoline is partly due to the lull in the demand for gasoline, which can be attributed to high prices and soft economy. If people would just increase their consumption as rapidly as before, then the prices of gasoline would be higher. In return, the spread between the prices of diesel fuel and gasoline will not be as wide as it is now.

Increasing Global Demand

There is an increasing demand for diesel fuel worldwide that is, in the United States, Europe, China, and India. In Europe, more vehicles with diesel engines were sold in the past few years. More than 50 percent of new registrations for 2007 were diesel-consuming vehicles. In India, the same trend applies: the numbers of new vehicles sold have doubled in five years, and 30 percent of which is diesel-powered. This percentage is projected to reach 50 percent by 2010. In China, the increasing demand for diesel fuel is in direct proportion with its economy. With them hosting the Olympics plus the earthquake that hit them recently, higher demand for diesel fuel is foreseen to avoid interruptions and to run heavy equipment and emergency generators.

Environmental Restrictions

The shift to ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel in the United States is an ongoing project since 2006. Its goal is to apply this standard to all on-highway diesel fuel by December 2010. There are also standards for off-highway diesel fuel such as fuel for generators, construction machinery, and marine use. This drastic change is an expensive process altogether as it will target the production of all diesel fuel, which in turn has affected the selling price of diesel fuel. A projection has it that this expensive process would require refiners to invest a large amount of money, and this will make them increase the prices of diesel fuel between 2007 and 2011. Moreover, a production bottleneck will probably result in higher price spikes.

Higher Federal Taxes

The tax for diesel fuel is higher than the tax for gasoline. And naturally, the higher the tax, the higher will be the price at the pump. This has been the trend for several years, and this is the explanation why diesel has sold for an average of 1.3 percent more than gasoline over a specific period of time.

There are more factors affecting diesel fuel prices. Having an understanding how the pricing works will help you find ways to go around the soaring prices. And with this knowledge, you can have a grasp of the trends and create your own projection to aid your budget planning.

Biodiesel equipment here: reactors, processors.